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The keto diet explained simply

Are you looking to lose weight because you have overweight or obese?
Are you confuse because in the media and social networks you see so many diets that promise you effectiveness?
Could be the famous keto diet proper for you?

Let's start from the beginning
Why we gain weight? 
  • Foods with caloric intake
  • Big portions of high-calorie foods
  • Avoid physical activity
  • Taking bad choices when eating out, among other external and genetic facts

Why overweight and obesity matters?
Because they are causes of non-communicable diseases (NDC) like:
  • Dyslipidemia (high amount of fat in the blood) 
  • Arterial hypertension
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Insulin resistance
  • Decreases longevity and quality of life, among others.
Due to the urgency to decrease this matters several dietetic options appears. ketogenic diet is one of them.

As one of the most feared nutrients for a large part of the population that is overweight and / or obese are carbohydrates and simple sugars, the practice of ketogenic diets is low carbohydrate diet to cause a process called ketosis, and high fat intake.

What are the benefits of keto diet:
  • The main source of energy in the diet are lipids
  • Production of ketone bodies, are the alternative option of energy instead of glucose
  • Decrease in insulin resistance and blood pressure
  • Treatment of diabetes type 2 in the prevention of muscle wasting due to the protein intake.
  • Anticancer effects, diminishes tumor size due to the low availability of glucose.
  • Low atherogenic lipid profile, increased HDL, decreased triglycerides in the blood
  • Greater satiety because proteins and lipids take longer to digest in the stomach.

Disadvantages of ketogenic Diet:
  • Weight lose is due to the loss muscles, not being a good way since a conventional diet wowuld increase muscles and decrease fat.
  • Low intake of vitamins and minerals according to the daily requirement for limiting intake of fruits and vegetables also causing constipation due to lack of fibers. 
  • Diarrhea, cramps and bad breath due to the presence of ketone bodies, fatigue due to te reduction on carbohydrates
  • Short-term withdrawal from treatment because it does not contain food that is usually consumed
  • There is a loss of: knowledge, power of attention, speed of memory, processing of quick visual information and precessing information.


After these proposals regarding the keto diet we can conclude that:
  • It is not the best option for people who only seek to lose weight.
  • It will change your eating habits because you will have to change the way you eat to an unusual shape to what you are used to. 
  • Adherence to this type of diet id difficult, so short-term abandonment
  • It is not suitable for everyone because it can play against people with cardiovascular and liver diseases 
  • It will bring problems in the functionality of your body